Climate scan a solution to the problem of hunger worldwideMar 22, 2018
Nearly all of the world’s undernourished people live in developing countries. According to a study, 815 million people are living in hunger and 98 percent of them are living in the developing countries. 2017 Global Food Policy reports that rapid urbanization is a critical issue for addressing hunger.
Why are people hungry? Causes range from poverty, conflict, natural disaster, lack of access, to climatic changes.
Hunger, poverty and malnutrition go hand in hand. All hungry people are not poor but all poor people are hungry. Millions live in hunger and malnourishment simply because they cannot afford to buy enough food. With rapid globalisation, the gap between privileged and underprivileged is growing out of bound instead of diminishing. There are many ways to address the issue like
- Employ sustainable methods based on self-reliance
- Empower rural communities
- Educate farmers and agriculturists
- Use of weather parameters based on meteorological studies to predict weather and its impact on the growth of crop
- Develop income generating activities in agricultural communities as a backup income
- Help farmers by teaching them management of microfinance
Of the above all methodologies employed, recent study suggests that the most effective is said to be the weather. Recent study suggests that rainfall patterns also provide clues on how to most effectively alleviate food security issues.
The study examined the experiences of nearly 2000 smallholder farms in 12 countries in West Africa, east Africa and Asia. The biggest challenge is that one strategy was unlikely to be applicable in all areas. Understanding the climate context came to be the most common form to be applicable in the varied region.
I won’t get into the number details here. But would like to highlight what were the contextual experiences. The places with least rainfall experienced the most food insecurity followed by average rainfall regions and wetter regions. But all of them faced widespread food insecurity.
- In places with scanty rainfall, financial supports, cash from alternative business, loans were effective.
- In places with good rainfall and proper agricultural methods including the use of pesticide, fertilizers, veterinary medicines and livestock were effective.
- In places with average rainfall both the strategies appeared to be effective.
The majority of farmholders are family run small units solely depending on the family man power. Majority of them completely rely on rain-fed agriculture. So, they are the most vulnerable to climate changes.
After this study, we can come to a conclusion that a single strategy of studying the climatic changes leads us to different methodologies to deal with hunger issues. With the use of sustainable development, green culture, ecosystem preservation managing global warming and study of climatic changes, one can wish to have a better world. One more way to have a control over hunger problems is the management and distribution of food resources, making people capable of purchasing food required for their consumption. And most importantly food storage for future use in case of some unforeseen disasters. Let us dream of a world where people sleep completely satiated.