Are you Hungry for healthy Food: Start Organic Farming.
Are you Hungry for healthy Food: Start Organic Farming. | Credit: NDTV

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Are you Hungry for healthy Food: Start Organic Farming.

Dec 12, 2018

Organic farming is becoming familiar these days because people are switching over to organic food products. Organic food products fall at a slightly higher price scale but still, people prefer buying it because it has very less amount of chemicals and pesticides used during its growth process. Apart from the price, organic products are of the best quality and healthy too. Luckily, there are ways to start your own organic farming and produce fresh and tastier fruits and vegetables. There are people who come to your house and make the entire setup required for farming and all you need is to maintain it well and water it every day. They may charge quite a little amount for this service. You can also get into the farming methodologies with a basic knowledge and start one by one. Things may not turn out right at the beginning, it is perfectly alright to keep practicing.

The key for organic farming is that you do not use synthetic fertilizers or pesticides that harm your health. Instead, you know how to protect your plants and make it healthier by feeding natural fertilisers. They are also environmentally friendly and do not have any harsh effects on water, soil and air. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to kick start with organic farming at your home.

organic farming benefits
organic farming benefits

Choose the right spot and tools

Choose the right place to grow your plants. It is necessary for the plants to have direct sunlight for at least 6 to 8 hours in a day. The land should be flat and not slopy. Water should be easily accessible. It is also important to have the right set of gardening tools like trowel set, compost bin, soil test kit a pair of gloves and a watering can.

Preparing the soil

The soil is the vital agent for the plant's growth. So it is very important to have a fertile soil because it becomes the food for the plants and in turn yield in the growth of the plants. You can get your soil tested at your home or send an amount of soil to the local agriculture office. By testing the soil you will know if the soil has harsh chemical content in it, which will affect the good bacteria and microbes in the soil.

Make your own compost

Compost is the other main factor that makes your plants eat and breathe. Make your own compost and mix it with the soil. You can add the organic wastes from fruits and vegetables, garden trimmings, etc. A good compost will not smell bad. You can spread the compost around the plants, mix it with the soil while potting or add them as layers. 

organic food products
organic food products

Planting crops

Choose the right plants according to your environmental conditions. Some plants may not grow well during the winter and some may not accept hot summers. So select the right plant and the right weather. Group the crops in a raised bed so that you don’t disturb them while you walk. Grouping them in beds will conserve water and promotes air circulation in the soil.

Water regularly

Water the plants regularly. Water is the prime source for the plant's growth. It is always good to water them in the morning because morning is cool and the evaporation of water seems to be slow. During extreme summers you can water the plants twice a day, preferably morning and evening. Use water with a normal temperature. Do not use extremely hot or cold water, this will harm the roots of the plants.

Protecting the plants

When your plant is affected by pets it might be the symptoms of other problems too. Make sure your plants get enough sunlight, water and other nutrients. You can use hot pepper sprays, garlic and insecticide oils to keep the pests away from the plants.