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The magnificently beautiful six seasons in India

Jan 12, 2018

The magnificently beautiful six seasons in India
The magnificently beautiful six seasons in India | Credit: Tamilandvedas

The six seasons of India

For centuries, poets, travelers and novelists have drawn great inspiration from India's magical seasons. The nation's climate is strongly influenced by the Himalayas in the North and the Thar Desert in the West. The Himalayas, along with the Hindu Kush mountains prevent cold Central Asian katabatic winds from blowing in, keeping the plains more warmer. Also, the Thar desert attracts the south-west summer monsoon laden winds that gives India majority of its rainfall. Even though the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has classified the climate into four seasons, our ancient Hindu calendar says that India experiences six seasons.

Greeshma Ritu or the Summer Season

The harshest among the six, temperatures could vary from 30?C to 45?C in the plains. The days will be longer and nights become shorter. A hot wind known as 'loo' blows across North India. But the best part of the season is availability of different kinds of juicy mangoes, jackfruits and also cucumbers and watermelons that give us much needed respite from the heat.

Varsha Ritu or the Rainy Season

The rains come like a god sent boon. Our hearts fill up with joy as dark clouds hover above. It is the most crucial season for farmers as the success and failure of their crops depend upon the rains.  The monsoon first hits the Kerala coast, which marks its arrival in the country. From there it progresses towards the north. The rain washes down all dust and prepares nature to welcome the next season.

Sharad Ritu or the early Autumn Season

The clouds disappear and the sky becomes clear. It is a season of beauty and celebrations around the country as most festivals take place during these months. Diwali, Sri Ram Navami, Durga Puja, Laxmi Puja are celebrated nationwide and harvest festivals like Onam and Nabanna are celebrated in Kerala and Orissa respectively.

Hemantha Ritu or Winter Season

After the fervor and festivities people once again get ready to brave the harsh temperatures of winter. Nights will appear longer and days shorter. All one wants to do in this season is to cuddle up with a hot cup of coffee. Most of the North Indian states wake up to cold mornings where temperatures would fall below 10?C.

Shishir Ritu or Late Autumn Season

Occasional rainfall and violent storms are common in this season. We can see fruits and vegetables grow abundantly during this season. Major harvest festivals like Lohri, Makara Sankranti and Pongal are celebrated in this season.

Vasantha Ritu or Spring Season

After the long winter comes the 'king of all seasons', the 'Vasantha Ritu'. The Hindu month of Chaitra and Baisakh fall in this season. And the country celebrates Vasanth Panchami, Ugadi, Gudi Padwa, Holi, Bihu and Vishu during these months. Flowers can be seen in full bloom and nature is at its best in this season.

India is a vast country and our food, culture and clothes are hugely influenced by the six seasons. Each season brings its own share of joy and despair which we welcome with open arms.