How city of Palaces is turning Trash into Cash!Jan 21, 2019
In the world, Indian cities are among the largest garbage generators. Every year they are generating about 62 million tons of waste. From 82% of garbage, only 28% is processed and treated and rest of the garbage goes into landfills, often clogging drains and rivers, open dump sites or is just left on the ground.
In this southern city, which has 1 million citizens, also known as Mysuru, people have come up with a plan in support of ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan’ which is the national cleanliness drive initiated by the Prime minister of India. The main aim of this campaign is to clean up the country and recycle the rubbish into compost and electricity.
In 2014, a report released by Union Government said that the country which has 377 million urban residents, which nearly a third population of India, produced an annual 62 million tonnes of solid waste which is expected to rise 165 million tonnes by 2031. According to a survey, they told that only two-thirds of the waste is collected and less than a tenth is treated.
How Mysuru's waste got converted into Wealth?
- The city found a solution by uniting the availability of cheap labour with old-style methods in modern plants which shows the country the way forward. Health officer of Mysuru City Corporation D.G Nagaraj says that “we don’t want the waste to be waste; out of it we want to get wealth, zero landfill is our motto”.
- Mysuru charges an annual fee for the waste-to-fertilizer plant and as payment, it takes 5 percent of the finished compost. Along with the property tax to help subsidize the program, it also collects a solid-waste management levy.
- In Mysuru as the morning whistle sounds, two bins of compostable and non-compostable garbage emerge from all homes. The sanitary pipers then load up 400 push carts and about 170 auto pipers. These then go to nine recycling centres and a compost plant. The trash is segregated at the centre with reusable items for example bottles, metals, plastic cups, footwear being sold to scrap dealers. The rest is composted and sold to farmers.
In Mysuru, the public support has allowed the city substantially manage its garbage. Between 2014 and 2050, the UN estimates that India will add 404 million urban inhabitants.
- The total Mysuru garbage management system is partially supported by the government for the setup of compost plants and is eligible for several subsidies. The whole unit is run by Mumbai based Infrastructure leasing and financial service limited.
- In Mysuru the public support has allowed the city to manage its garbage. Now, this city is famous for its history of cleanliness.
As said by Almitra Patel “Progress is very slow, but there are sparks of hope everywhere” This line has become a reality with Mysuru city.